Let’s start with the Syrian Cyber Army website, Syrian-es.com this is their main site, with google translator:
As I looked over the site I noticed that they use Joomla 1.5, this is an older version of Joomla full of holes and an easy hack.
There is so much open on this site were you can get any of the scripts and look at the code, all this from any browser. This is not rocket science.
Well if the Syrian Army uses this version of Joomla maybe some other government offices in Syria do:
Here are a few more sites that yes you guessed it they have the same Joomla 1.5 app running their websites. Knowing that this version has security holes why would a government use it?
My only guess is they started in 2008 and if something works well keep it. If this department uses this Application well others will use it. The Syrian government is built on treats and intimidation so anything that is accepted no one will call attention to it, under fear of reprisal this is how all dictatorships work.
Here are some links from their site and their code:
Joomla! 1.5 – Open Source Content Management